|本期目录/Table of Contents|

 LI Chunxiu,JIANG Xiaochen,QIU Yongjun,et al.Physiological function,diversity of carbonic anhydrase and its application[J].Chinese Journal of Bioprocess Engineering,2013,11(01):94-103.[doi:10.3969/j.issn.1672-3678.2013.01.016]





Physiological function,diversity of carbonic anhydrase and its application
华东理工大学 生物反应器工程国家重点实验室,上海 200237
LI ChunxiuJIANG XiaochenQIU YongjunXU Jianhe
State Key Laboratory of Bioreactor Engineering,East China University of Science and Technology,Shanghai 200237,China
二氧化碳 碳酸酐酶 固定
碳酸酐酶(carbonic anhydrase)作为一种活性中心含有锌离子的金属酶,能够可逆催化CO2生成碳酸氢盐的水合反应,该反应在生物体内承担着多样的生理学功能,具有高度的生物学意义。除广泛存在于真核生物以外,该酶在淡水、海水、嗜常温、嗜热、厌氧、好氧、致病、产酸、自养、异养等多种原核微生物中也有广泛的分布,并参与光合作用、呼吸作用和以CO2作为底物的反应,维持生理pH以及离子转运等生理过程。近年来,随着温室效应的日益加剧,生物固定CO2作为该酶的一种全新应用引起了研究者的广泛关注。回顾了碳酸酐酶作为催化剂参与CO2固定过程的历史、现状和最新发现,同时展望了未来应用的趋势。


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作者简介:李春秀(1971—),女,四川雅安人,博士,讲师,研究方向:植物酶基因的克隆,生物质糖化酶资源库的构建及应用; 许建和(联系人),教授,E-mail:jianhexu@ecust.edu.cn.
更新日期/Last Update: 2013-01-30